Vulnerability in security of IoT devices and new regulations. infrastructure, interoperability, smart cities, and agriculture and bio-systems engineering.

1 A Look at GDPR
Peggy Smedley says the vulnerability in security in IoT (Internet of Things) devices is leading to new regulations. She talks about the EU GDPR (general data protection regulation), explaining that it will replace the previous directive. The new one aims to protect citizens by directing how organizations should store personal data. She says the new is the law of the land, which means there are consequences for not following the law.
2 The Cloud and Interoperability
Peggy Smedley continues the interoperability and smart cities discussion and welcomes guest Mahesh Veerina, president and CEO, Cloudleaf. They discuss how bad guys are trying to hack the infrastructure and how interoperability is critical to help this. Veerina says by the time you collect data and process data, there is already historical data—and interoperability is important to help with this. The cloud plays a big role in helping enable this interoperability. Veerina explains that one of the things that is helping is the convergence of sensors becoming so cheap and the cloud coming at the right time, along with machine learning and big data.
3 Interoperability, Ag, and Smart Cities
Joshua Peschel, assistant professor of agriculture and biosystems engineering, Iowa State University, says interoperability has been a problem for a while, and we have started addressing with standards, but as systems grow complex, it is still going to be a persistent, lingering issue. He says we all have a better job to do with interoperability. More specifically, there is a smart-cities paradox because of security silos that exist today, and this doesn’t currently exist in agriculture, according to Peschel.